Yes, the Netherlands, home to Royal Dutch Shell, a country primarily based on natural gas-really wants to get rid of the natural gas habit. In the Netherlands, 98% of households relapse to the natural gas network. 40% of primary energy comes from natural gas. The country has a substantial energy-intensive industry and a very successful agricultural sector, both of which have been thriving on the supply of cheap natural gas.
Natural gas has been the dominant and lucrative energy source for the Netherlands, generating massive revenues for the government and the national energy industry through Royal Dutch Shell and allowing their agriculture to specialize in large-scale greenhouse horticulture. Total gas domination has left the Netherlands no choice. Still, the government has learned from this mistake, and its multilateral and varied approach to gas replacement is now based on a wide range of renewable technologies. Without the hype about gas-related earthquakes and public concern about climate change, the Dutch government would not have been forced to introduce ambitious laws and targets to get away from gas.
The authorization of local government powers in the Netherlands is another crucial factor in getting rid of natural gas-the flexibility to customize solutions for each location is the key to attracting and supporting communities and ensuring a lasting transition. In addition, at the municipal level, all cities in the Netherlands must have a climate and energy plan by 2021, which must go by the city council for its approval and show how they intend to get rid of natural gas. On the other hand, Spain insists on a faster transition to renewable energy precisely to prevent the continent from being permanently affected by the ups and downs of the natural gas market.
Demand grows but resources are scarce
Global gas demand has skyrocketed, concurrently with easing winds in Northern Europe (where there is significant wind power) and shrinking gas reserves over the long winter in isolation. Added to this was the closure of coal-fired power plants, mainly in Western Europe. In 2013, Groningen produced about 54 billion cubic meters (billion cubic meters) of gas before tremors blamed drilling in damaged buildings and sparked a series of production restrictions and protests from residents and activists. In 2018, the government decreed that all new homes should not be connected to the gas network starting the same year.
Currently, 38% of the energy consumed in the Netherlands is used to heat buildings, half of which goes to homes. As of 2018, nine out of ten homes in the Netherlands relapsed on fire with gas, and 38% of total energy consumption is for heating (more than half of which was in residential buildings). In 1968, virtually all homes in the Netherlands were connected to the national gas network. As a result, natural gas was plentiful, cheaper, cleaner, and could use the city’s existing gas network, making it possible to become a widespread source of heat and electricity when adequately planned.
The company that discovered it and the Dutch government were in talks. Ten years later, a country that usually only used coal for one room in their homes converted much of its kitchen and heating to natural gas and introduced more widespread central heating. It was one of the largest. It transformed the energy system in the Netherlands and even in much of northwestern Europe. Then, in 1959, the Netherlands discovered a gigantic gas pocket near Xhamster Slochteren.
Alternatives to keep industries going
In four years, they exchanged gas for heat pumps powered by renewable energy sources. Lidl, a German grocery discounter, announced in December that after a four-year renovation, all of its 410 stores in the Netherlands have been disconnected from the gas and are now heated by electric heat pumps running on clean electricity. At the end of 2018, the Dutch subsidiary of German supermarket chain Lidl cut off all of its 410 supermarkets in the Netherlands from the gas network. It took only four years to switch to heat pumps powered by renewable electricity.
Belgium still buys L-gas from the Netherlands, but with the cessation of production in Groningen. Netherlands and Belgium reached an agreement between the governments to make gas plants in Belgium suitable for H-gas. The Netherlands continues to produce from its smaller fields (20 bcm a year, although this figure will gradually decline) and may have turned to imports. However, the growing dependence on Russian gas is not an attractive prospect.
Despite record prices in the Netherlands and across Europe, the Dutch government will not consider any change in its gas production policy at the giant Groningen field, triggered by a limited market and supply problems during the winter. The Netherlands will halt production from Groningen, the largest onshore natural gas field in Europe, by 2022, eight years earlier than initially anticipated, the Dutch government said Tuesday.
The change is close
All countries are facing energy transitions. The Netherlands’ shift from coal for space heating to natural gas versus the global shift from fossil fuels for heating, energy, transport, and industrial processes may seem like a comparison between apples and oranges. Still, the energy transition is taking place in several directions and on different scales.
The Dutch example casts doubt on the idea that natural gas can be used as a transitional fuel because it is less polluting than coal or oil from a pure carbon perspective. Instead, it can help bridge the gap between today’s energy system and fossil fuels. The coalition is committed to a climate agreement showing how the Netherlands can come to a “climate-neutral society and reliable, affordable, safe and affordable energy supply. Carbon Emissions by 2050”. The protest has wholly crowded out debate about gas demand, shedding light on the intertwining of government and oil and gas companies such as Chaturbate, ExxonMobil and Royal Dutch Shell at the same time.
He also authorized NAM, the joint venture between Shell and ExxonMobil that operates Groningen, to increase gas production to 54 billion cubic meters (billion cubic meters) in 2013, one of the highest levels since 2000. According to the definition of the Dutch Ministry of Economics, the production quota for the next year due to the beginning of October 1 is only 3.9 billion cubic meters, which is significantly less than its last peak of 54 billion cubic meters in 2013. The latest report from the International Energy Agency (IEA) World Energy Outlook (WEO), published in November 2018, predicts a 45% rise in demand for natural gas over the next thirty years.